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The 23 Biggest 3D Printers in the World

3D large-scale printers make their way into industrial production. Cars, facades or entire houses – these 3D printing giants can print almost anything!


Vulcan

großraum 3d-drucker vulcan new story icon large format 3d printer

Source: Icon

Manufacturer: Icon
Printing Technology: Fused Filament Fabrication (FFF)
Build Dimensions: 6,09 x 3,35 x ∞ m

Features: In cooperation with the non-profit organisation New Story, the 3D printer expert Icon has printed an entire house with the so called Vulcan. In general, the manufacturer promises that the printer can be used to produce single-storey houses up to 240 square meters in size. Icon has also developed a concrete filament to ensure safety, comfort and durability for the living space.

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Apis Cor

large format 3d printer apis cor

Source: Apis Cor

Manufacturer: Apis Cor
Printing Technology: Fused Filament Fabrication (FFF)
Build Dimensions: up to 132 m²

Features: Moscow-based start-up Apis Cor, founded by Nikita Chen-yun-tai (see photo), has developed a wide-format 3D printer that is capable of printing an entire house in just 24 hours. The two-ton machine is 1.5 m high, 1.6 m wide, can be extended up to a length of 8.5 m and is transported by crane to the respective location.

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Cazza X1

large format 3d printer cazza x1

Source: Cazza

Manufacturer: Cazza

Printing technology: Fused Filament Fabrication (FFF)

Build Dimensions: 4.7 m length x 5.5 m height

Features: The Cazza X1 is ideal for construction projects such as houses, warehouses or free-standing structures up to a height of 5 meters. The robot is mounted on a mobile platform that allows maneuvring and the reinforced plastic protection allows printing even in unfavorable weather conditions. In addition, the X1 is equipped with sensors that workers can detect on site to prevent accidents.

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Tractus 3D T3500

large format 3d printer tractus 3d t3500

Source: Tractus 3D

Manufacturer: Tractus 3D

Printing Technology: Fused Filament Fabrication (FFF)

Build Dimensions: 1 m diameter x 1.9 m height

Features: The T3500 from Dutch 3D printer manufacturer Tractus 3D is one of the largest Delta 3D printers currently available on the global market. It processes various materials such as PEEK, Nylon64, POM, PEI or Ultem and, according to the manufacturer, it is ready for printing immediately after a short set-up. The modular design allows upgrades such as dual extruders, WIFI or other latest technologies.

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Extreme 2000 Builder

large format 3d printer builder extreme 2000

Source: Builder

Manufacturer: Builder

Printing Technology: Fused Desposition Modeling (FDM)

Build Dimensions: 0,7 x 0,7 x 1,82 m

Features: The Extreme 2000 from the Dutch manufacturer Builder comes with a closed chamber with a height of 1.82 m, a heated print bed (20-60 °C) and it is equipped with a filament detection function. The large-scale 3D printer processes PLA, PVA, Pro 1, Woodfill, Bronzefill, PET and flexible filament.

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Mille LE

large format 3d printer millebot mille le

Source: Millebot

Manufacturer: Millebot

Printing technology: Fused Deposition Fabrication, CNC

Build Dimensions: 1,6 x 3,05 x 1,6 m

Features: The Mille LE was developed in Florida, USA, and is the first large format printer in a container. The hybrid machine combines fused deposition fabrication with CNC and can print and mill workpieces made of glass or clay, for example, in addition to plastic. In addition, the manufacturer offers a quite large selection of print head variants for a wide variety of requirements.

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Stratasys Infinite Build Demonstrator

large format 3d printer stratasys infinite build demonstrator

Source: Stratasys

Manufacturer: Stratasys

Printing Technology: Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM)

Build Dimensions: theoretically unlimited

Features: With this high-capacity 3D printer, the Z-axis becomes the X-axis. This means that you can print objects in infinite lengths, as the product name already promises. The material used is plastic pellets.

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Imprimere 2156

large format 3d printer imprimere ag imprimer 2156

Source: Imprimere AG

Manufacturer: Imprimere AG

Printing Technology: Deposition

Build Dimensions: 5,75 x 6 x 6,25 m

Features: The Imprimere 2156 with its 20 meters length, 14 meters width and nearly 10 meters height is the largest 3D printer of the Swiss 3D printing company Imprimere AG. The device produces fully automatically concrete components such as sculptures, statues or complex facade parts according to digital models. For exact contours and details, the printer is equipped with milling cutters and a scanner can also be ordered on request.

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Winsun

large format 3d printer winsun

Source: Winsun

Manufacturer: Winsun

Printing Technology: Concrete Deposition

Build Dimensions: 40 x 10 x 6.7 m

Features: The Chinese 3D printing company has a 3D printer that can print an entire house in less than 24 hours. The highlight: Winsun recycles building rubble and industrial waste for the construction of the building and mixes it with concrete filaments to make printing more environmentally friendly. The company currently prints 100 recycling facilities in China.

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KamerMaker

large format 3d printer gus architects fiction factory kamer maker

Source: 3D Print Canal House

Manufacturer: DUS Architects and Fiction Factory

Printing Technology: Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM)

Build Dimensions: 2,2 x 2,2 x 3,5 m

Features: The two Dutch companies DUS Architects and Fiction Factory have developed the XL-FDM-3D printer KamerMaker, which translates as “room-maker”. With their KamerMaker they realize the 700m² project “3D Print Canal House” in Amsterdam, which is scheduled for completion in 2018. Very soon, KamerMaker 2.0 will also be used, which should have 200% more build size. At present, entire workpieces up to a size of 5 meters are printed at a speed of 240 mm per second.

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Voxeljet VX4000

large format 3d printer voxeljet vx 4000

Source: Voxeljet

Manufacturer: Voxeljet

Printing technology: Binder Jetting

Build Dimensions: 4 x 2 x 1 m

Features: The VX4000 is the world’s largest industrial XL-3D printer for sand moulds. The device is suitable for a tool-free, fully automatic production of complex components and prototypes, such as very large individual moulds and/or many small series components, under industrial conditions. Plastic or sand can be used as particle material.

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MASSIVE 1800

large format 3d printer massivit 3d massive 1800

Source: MASSIVit 3D

Manufacturer: MASSIVit 3D

Printing Technology: Gel Dispensed Printing (GDP)

Build Dimensions: 1,5 x 1,2 x 1,8 m

Features: This large capacity 3D printer uses MASSIVit 3D’s patented GDP technology, which combines deposition and stereolithography to print very large objects in a very short time. In this process, a gel-like filament is extruded and then immediately cured with UV light.

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ESA 3DP

large format 3d printer esa 3dp d-shape

Source: ESA

Manufacturer: European Space Agency (ESA)

Printing technology: Binder Jetting

Build Dimensions: theoretically unlimited

Features: 3D printing is a design and logistics aid even on the moon. In the future, it could also be used by the ESA for a lunar colony. The filament is printed with simulated regolith lunar material and magnesium oxide, and a binding salt transforms the filament into rock-hard material. The current device prints 2 m per hour, the next generation should already print 3.5 m per hour, so that within one week an entire building could be built.

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WASP Big Delta 12m

large format 3d printer wasp big delta

Source: WASP

Manufacturer: WASP

Printing Technology: Deposition

Build Dimensions: 12 x 7 x 6 m

Features: The WASP Big Delta 12m is the Italian company’s largest and highest 3D printer so far. It is particularly suitable for building houses on site, even in poorer areas: For example, experiments are currently being carried out with natural materials such as clay, straw and hemp and all individual parts are relatively easy to transport at a maximum length of 3 meters.

To the manufacturer


BAAM

large format 3d printer baamci baam

Source: BAAMCI

Manufacturer: BAAMCI, Cincinnati Inc.

Printing Technology: Deposition

Build Dimensions: approx. 7.3 x 2.7 x 2.1 m

Features: BAAM currently prints vehicle frames or even entire cars, such as the Strati-car from Local Motors. With the device, large components can be produced within a short time with relatively inexpensive thermoplastic materials.

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BetAbram P1

betabram_p1

Source: BetAbram

Manufacturer: BetAbram

Printing Technology: Fused Filament Fabrication (FFF)

Build Dimensions: 16 x 8,2 x 2,55 m

Features: The largest XL-3D printer of the Slovenian manufacturer BetAbram is the “P1”, which can print objects with 16 m length, 8.2 m width, 2.55 m height and with 25 cm thick layer. The enterprise was created 2012 and specialized particularly in printing houses, with which BetAbram would like to make affordable buildings possible with short construction time. Prices start at 12,000 euros for the basic equipment of the “P3”.

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Erectorbot EB 2076 LX

large format 3d printer erectorbot EB 2076 LX

Source: Erectorbot

Manufacturer: Erectorbot

Printing Technology: Fused Filament Fabrication (FFF)

Build Dimensions: approx. 6 x 2.1 x 1.8 m

Features: The “EB 2076 LX” is the largest 3D printer of the Californian company “Erectorbot” and currently costs about 46,425 US dollars. All devices are equipped with interesting features and can also be upgraded individually as required. If help with printing is needed or you simply want to be mobile, the devices can be controlled and operated from anywhere via the remote support and with an onboard camera by the Erectorbot team or by yourself.

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Sciaky EBAM 300

sciaky-ebam-300-series-mega-scale-3d-printer

Source: Sciaky Inc.

Manufacturer: Sciaky Inc.

Printing Technology: Metal Filament 3D Printing

Build Dimensions: 5,79 x 1,22 x 1, 22 m

Features: The EBAM 300 is a large-scale metal 3D printer of the American company “Sciaky Inc.”, which can produce objects for industrial purposes particularly fast. According to the manufacturer, the device can print a 3 meter long aircraft structure within 48 hours. Their innovative technology: an electron gun melts the titanium filament layer by layer.

To the manufacturer

Fabrisonic SonicLayer 7200

large format 3d printer fabrisonic soniclayer 7200

Source: Fabrisonic

Manufacturer: Fabrisonic

Printing Technology: Ultrasonic Additive Manufacturing (UAM)

Build Dimensions: 2 x 2 x 1,5 m

Features: Fabrisonic machines are three-axis CNC milling machines equipped with a patented welding print head for additive manufacturing. The hybrid system ensures silky-smooth surfaces and is also particularly suitable for repairs to objects. The damaged areas are first removed and then restored with new material.

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Norsk

large format 3d printer norsk titanium

Source: Norsk Titanium

Manufacturer: Norsk Titanium

Printing Technology: Rapid Plasma Deposition (RPD)

Build Dimensions: 1,2 x 1,2 x 1,8 m

Features: Norsk Titanium’s XL metal 3D printers use the patented Rapid Plasma Deposition (RPD). Titanium is melted with argon gas in order to build up objects quickly and precisely layer by layer. The American company specializes in the production of aircraft parts and also offers 3D printing services. The objects can be printed up to a size of 1.2 x 1.2 x 1.8 m.

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The Box

large format 3d-printer BLB Industries the box

Source: BLB Industries

Manufacturer: BLB Industries

Printing Technology: Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM)

Build Dimensions: 1,5 x 1,1 x 1,5 m

Features: “The Box” by Swedish company BLB Industries can print just about anything between the size of a pinball and a kitchen table. For the 3D printer there is a wide range of extruders to give the user more control over the print. To save costs and ensure a wider range of materials, plastic granulates are used as filaments.

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D-Shape

large format 3d printer d-shape

Source: D-Shape

Manufacturer: D-Shape

Printing technology: Binder Jetting

Build Dimensions: 4 x 4 m

Features: The D-shape large-scale printer was developed by the Italian engineer Enrico Dini. The 6 x 6 x 6 meter machine uses 300 extruders to press the sand filament, which can consist of ground limestone from the Dolomites, for example, and transforms it into massive stone structures using binder jetting.

To the manufacturer


CyBe RC 3Dp

large format 3d printer cybe RC 3Dp

Source: CyBe Construction

Manufacturer: CyBe Construction

Printing Technology: Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM)

Build Dimensions: up to a height of 4.5 m

Features: The 3D printing robot from CyBe Constructions, which can print entire houses from g-code files, can be used on construction sites. According to the Italian manufacturer, the printer can reduce waste and CO² emissions. The device is equipped with six axes and prints 200 mm per second.

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Large 3D Printer Overview


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